Abdulla Shahid, President of the 76th session of the UN General Assembly (UNGA), has highlighted the need to build a more sustainable, resilient, and responsible global tourism sector as part of the “long journey” to recover from Covid-19.
At the first-ever High-Level Thematic Debate on Sustainable Tourism held at the UN headquarters in New York, Shahid said that the Covid-19 pandemic halted the entire tourism industry, dealing a “devastating blow to the global economy”, reports Xinhua news agency
“In 2019, prior to the pandemic, tourism contributed USD 3.5 trillion to global GDP. The precipitous drop during the pandemic is estimated to have cost up to 120 million jobs,” the UNGA President noted.
Though easy to sum up the devastation in numbers, capturing the overall toll on people, communities and services, is much harder, particularly for many small island states and least developed countries, which remain heavily reliant on tourism to fuel public spending, he said.
Looking beyond the numbers, tourism plays a deeply human role, “travel and tourism connect and unite us… builds bridges and facilitates inter-cultural exchanges…(and) fosters peace and solidarity across continents and borders,” Shahid added.
Inventive efforts were made to help tourism weather two years of Covid, including “travel bubbles”, “vaccine passports” and “resilient corridors”. “As the pandemic wanes, the tourism sector is rebounding,” he said, speaking of “the human need to connect, to explore, to experience”. “However, as it rebounds, it is important that we reflect on its future direction.” Shahid noted that tourism is important economically, but its effects on the planet, such as carbon emissions, oceans brimming with plastic, and human impacts on ecosystems and wildlife, must also be considered.According to the UN Environment Programme’s Green Economy Report, a “business-as-usual” scenario predicts that by 2050, tourism will generate an increase of 154 per cent in energy consumption for the sector, 131 per cent in greenhouse gas emissions, 152 per cent in water consumption, and 251 per cent in solid waste disposal.
Throughout the discussions, Shahid encouraged participants to address their commitments under the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, and enhance the inclusion and empowerment of women, youth, indigenous and other marginalised communities.
“Today, I call on all stakeholders to seize every opportunity to transform the tourism sector, and to target a more sustainable, inclusive and responsible approach,” he said. Zurab Pololikashvili, Chief of the World Tourism Organization, commented that the current energy crisis contributes to the vulnerability of the tourism sector, while asserting that investments in tourism are also investments in peace.
Tourism was especially important to the livelihoods of women, youth, and rural communities, he said, urging for a sustainable balance between the short-term needs of tourists and the long-term needs of communities. Sameh Wahba, director of the World Bank’s Urban, Disaster Risk Management, Resilience and Land Global Practice, spoke about inclusive, resilient, and sustainable cities.
According to him, tourism creates opportunities for rural communities, small businesses and women, since it employs 10 per cent of the global workforce. According to Deputy UN chief Amina Mohammed, the world’s tourism industry is “in turmoil”, largely because of the pandemic, but also because of conflict settings, including Ukraine.
She emphasised the importance of sustainability for the tourism sector and urged it to become a force for implementing the Sustainable Development Goals.